International Journal of Tourism, Travel and Hospitality Law 2023

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TOURISM, TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY LAW livelihood of the population; 2) social sustainability, understood as the ability to guarantee conditions of human well-being (safety, health, education, democracy, participation, justice), equally distributed by class and gender; 3) environmental sustainability, understood as the ability to maintain the quality and reproducibility of natural resources. Acting responsibly, therefore, means respecting a system of shared rules, which orients the individual towards critical and rational behavior on many aspects of everyday life such as: 1) waste management, 2) compliance with the rules and principles of common living, 3) protection of the environment, 4) conservation and rational use of the resources of a territory. As a result, sustainable development requires, first of all, an awareness of the citizens, who must guide their daily lives, so much so that the lack of rules (and/ or the difficulty in applying them and enforcing them) can lead to illegal behaviour,which often tend to activate mechanisms of development not oriented to the common good, but to economic gain and/or personal power 6 In our legal system, however, the definition of intangible cultural heritage, to which reference should be made, is that contained in art. 10 of the Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape (successor to the Bottai law of 1939), issued on 22/1/2004 (d. lgs. n. 42), according to which cultural goods are: “immovable and movable property belonging to the State, to the Regions, to other local public bodies, as well as to any other public body and institution and to private non-profit- -making legal persons, including ecclesiastical entities civilly recognized, of artistic, historical, archaeological or ethno-anthropological interest”, as well as: “the collections of museums, picture galleries, galleries and other exhibition sites of the State, the regions, other local authorities and any other public body and institution; b) the archives and individual documents of the State, the regions, other local and regional authorities, as well as any other public body or institution; c) the library collections of libraries in the State, the regions, other local and regional public authorities and 6 On the concept of sustainable development, ex multis, v. REINHARD MOHN PRIZE, in BERTELSMANN STIFTUNG (edited by), Winning Strategies for a Sustainable Future, 2013, Gütersloh, 2013; E. TIEZZI, N. MARCHETTINI, What is sustainable development?, Donzelli Editore, 1999, pp. 45-46; L. DAVICO, Sustainable development. The social dimensions, Rome, 2004; T. LUZZATI E G. GUCCIARDI, La sostenibilità delle regioni italiane: la classifica IRTA, Pisa, 2013; C. L. TROCINO, References and addresses for the urban and environmental sustainability of the study area: Da Tortora ad Amantea, di E. COSTA, C. ODDI, D. PASSARELLI, Rome, 2001; WOLFGANG SACHS, Dictionary of Development, Italian edition edited by A. TAROZZI, translation by M. GIOVAGNOLI, Turin, 1998; A. MAFFIOTTI and others, Environmental sustainability of development”Arpa Piemonte 2002, http:/// /publications-2/publications-year-2002/pdf-sustainability- -environmental development; P. CASSOLA, Sustainable Tourism and protected natural areas. Concepts, tools and actions, Pisa, 2005.