International Journal of Tourism, Travel and Hospitality Law 2023

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TOURISM, TRAVEL AND HOSPITALITY LAW Nevertheless, both regulations introduce horizontal rules applying to all types of online platforms with a significant market power, regardless of the nature of their particular services. If these rules turn out to be too general to address the specific concerns relating to online booking services, we can expect the European Commission’s initiative to introduce additional sectoral rules. The Commission’s 2021 initiative on short-term accommodation rental services,44 for instance, aims to create a regulation ensuring a level playing field for all accommodation service providers. This should involve offering balanced solutions for cities, peer and professional short-term rental providers and platforms, while benefiting small and medium-sized firms. It seems, therefore, that the story on the regulation of online accommodation booking services has only just begun. 7 REFERENCES Airbnb (2020) Airbnb Position on Gatekeeper Platforms September 2020. Available at: https://www. PC%20response%20Gatekeepers.pdf.html (accessed 7. 10. 2022). Akman, P. (2022) ‘Regulating competition in digital platform markets: a critical assessment of the framework and approach of the EU Digital Markets Act’, European Law Review, 47(1), pp. 85 -114. Andriychuk, O. (2022) ‘The Digital Markets Act proposal: key elements & smart features’, European Competition Law Review, 43(3), pp. 112-124. Bertuzzi, L. (2021) ‘Online marketplaces warn EU ‘gatekeeper’ definition does not mirror their business model’, Euractiv [online]. Available at: -market/news/online-marketplaces-warn-eu-gatekeeper-definition-does-not-mirror-their- -business-model (accessed 7. 10. 2022). Public Affairs (2020) ‘Gatekeeper platforms in the EU Digital Markets Act (Part 2/2)’, A World Worth Experiencing: The Global Public Affairs blog [online]. Available at: -part-2-2-b1514ff29077 (accessed 7. 10. 2022). Damjan, M. (2021) ‘Freedom of expression online: the redefined role of social networks’ in Turošík, M. (ed.) Právne rozpravy on-screen III. Banská Bystrica: Vydavateľstvo Univerzity Mateja Bela – Belianum, pp. 47-59. De Franceschi, A. (2018) ‘Uber Spain and the “Identity Crisis” of Online Platforms’, Journal of European Consumer and Market Law, 7(1) pp. 1-4. HOTREC (2022) ‘Adoption of Digital Markets Act a ‘silver lining’ for European hoteliers’, HOTREC: Hospitality Europe. Available at: -a-silver-lining-for-european-hoteliers/ (accessed 7. 10. 2022). Hučková, R., Semanová, M. (2022) ‘The Position and Regulation of Gatekeepers in the Context of the New European Legislation’, EU and Comparative Law Issues and Challenges Series, 6, pp. 509-526. Mariniello, M., C. Martins (2021) ‘Which platforms will be caught by the Digital Markets Act? The 44 Ref. Ares(2021)5673365 – 16. 9. 2021.